Stick(SMAW) Welding Basics - Airgas.com

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Stick Welding Basics
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Stick (SMAW)Electrode Welding
Stick, the most basic of welding processes, offers the easiest option for joining steel and other metals. Stick welding power sources deliver inexpensive options for welding versatility, portability and reliability. Stick joins metals when an arc is struck between the electrode and the work piece, creating a weld pool and depositing a consumable metal electrode into the joint. The electrode's protective coating also acts as a shielding gas, protecting the weld and ensuring its purity and strength. Best for windy conditions and adverse environments.
If you’re not familiar with Stick (SMAW) welding basics, the following information can make choosing an electrode easier.

AWS Class Position Polarity Usage
E6010 All DCEP A great choice for welding on dirty, rusty, greasy or painted steel - especially in vertical or overhead applications.
E6011 All AC,DCEP All-purpose stick electrode; used for carbon and galvanized steel; 60,000 PSI tensile strength; deep penetration and ideal for welding light to medium amounts of dirty, rusty or painted materials.
E6013 All AC,DCEN,DCEP Light to medium penetrating all-purpose stick electrode; for use on carbon steel; 60,000 PSI tensile strength; good for general all-purpose applications and joints with poor fit-up.
E7014 All AC,DCEN,DCEP For higher-deposition requirements; 70,000 PSI tensile strength; ideal for applications requiring light penetration and faster travel speeds.
E7018 All DCEP Low-hydrogen electrode; for low, medium and high-carbon steels; 70,000 PSI tensile strength; ideal for out-of-position welding and tacking; not recommended for low-voltage AC Welders.
E7018AC All AC,DCEP Low-hydrogen electrode; for low, medium and high-carbon steels; 70,000 PSI tensile strength; ideal for out-of-position welding and tacking; specially formulated to operate with small 208/230 volt AC welders.

Helpful Hints
  • Use a drag technique for most applications.

  • Take precautions with flying materials when chipping slag.

  • Keep electrodes clean and dry - follow manufacturers instructions.

  • Common steel electrodes (refer to chart above).

  • Penetration:
  • DCEN- Less penetration; AC - Medium (can be more spatter also); DCEP - Most penetration











    Catalog and Capabilities
    Airgas has what you need for stick welding, from welders to welding supplies and protective clothing. Stick welders come in two basic classifications; 115V stick welders and 230/460V stick welders. The leading manufacturers of stick welders are Lincoln Electric and Miller Electric. Stick Electrodes or welding rod for stick welding are available in stainless steel, carbon steel, low alloy steel, maintenance alloy, hard facing, nickel alloy, and magnesium.

    Stick Welders
    Stick Electrode